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Blurred lines of creation: Can copyright laws ever catch up with the new world where AI created art gets auctioned at Christie’s?

We live in time of dynamic change. The human race has invented the trains without drivers, virtual keyboards, artificial pancreas and robot vacuum cleaners. Most of these inventions we take for granted, while others come as a surprise. The one that has changed our perception of art, creativity and mastery is the introduction of AI (Artificial Intelligence) created work of art and its further sale at Christie's. Here is a short review of the AI sprouting in the art market and some legal issues arising thereof* More

Restrictions on freedom of expression in art: Germany, the US and Norway

This is a noteworthy student's research which examines artistic expression and existing restrictions on its freedom by comparing the different regulations, laws and cases in the US ( as the country with the predominant amount of free speech cases in the courts), Norway (as the first ranking state in the press freedom index of “Reporters without Borders”) and Germany (as the Member state of the EU, which is considered relatively free or free). More

Transactional malpractice in and around fine art prints

Art prints form a separate and independent segment of art market. They are produced in multiples where each peace forms an original work of art. Therefore, art prints are highly collectible. Please read about the most typical types of malpractice in art print transactions and some advice on how to protect yourself when buying the desired piece* More

Historic shipwrecks – contemporary challenges: Protection of the underwater cultural heritage

This paper by Alla Pozdnakova discusses legal issues pertaining to the international protection of the underwater cultural heritage (“UCH”) against activities directed at the exploration and recovery of such heritage from the seabed, especially historic shipwrecks and artefacts on board such shipwrecks. It gives special attention to protection of UCH in the Baltic and Scandinavian region, as both of them have a rich maritime history (as maritime nations and also as coastal States) in whose waters active commercial and naval navigation has been taking place for a long time* More

Crime against cultural property: finding solutions

Statistical data confirms that the prevention of and fight against the illegal dealing in cultural objects in Latvia should be paid significant attention. Thefts of icons and paintings as well as the illegal obtainment of archaeological artifacts in unlawful excavations are more characteristic in Latvia than other offenses against cultural objects. Cultural objects are being more frequently illegally obtained in private dwellings, places of worship, cemeteries and ancient burial places. The Article reveals the main reasons of unsatisfying statistical data, discusses possible technical and social solutions for stronger preventing and combating offenses against cultural objects* More

Awareness raising and protection of archaeological heritage

Significant amount of illegal excavations and information regarding Internet trade of protected artefacts, the number of criminal cases and other violations strongly implies that Latvian archaeological heritage is endangered. The detailed situation unfortunately is not precisely known since correspondent statistical data are not being processed and analysed on regular basis. The Article reveals practical solutions to the problem, as well as describes the analysis of national situation regarding protection of archaeological artefacts* More

Your Lautrec or Lautrec's Lautrec? Some notes on attribution and authentication

The answer to the question of whether the work is authentic has direct financial consequences. Art historians and experts trying to attribute the work to a particular artist build their opinion on knowledge and experience, but still their conclusions are subjective and quite often contradictory. This article gives an insight on what are the authentication and attribution, and why it is important to be interested in the details, especially if you are a happy owner of a work of art* More

Mediation and Art: Is it a match made in heaven?

Art cases are usually multilayered and hard to be approached purely legally. Frequently, there are also moral, cultural, historical, diplomatic and spiritual considerations involved. In this sense, mediation might be an optimal problem-solving method, because provides for the possibility to take different factors into account when coming up with the solution and allows certain creativity as to the solution itself. Please read the opinion of the mediator Maria Boicova-Wynants about the match of art and mediation* More

The works, which copyrights have expired

Copyright is the right of limited duration. This seems to mean that after a certain period of time the author's work can be freely used in any way by any person. Whether this statement is absolutely true or there still are some restrictions? What are the national and international rules? Whether and to what extent the work inspired by the protected author's work is eligible for protection? Here is the overview of these and related questions* More

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